Publications

2020

101. K. Klyukin, G. S. D. Beach, and B. Yildiz, “Hydrogen tunes magnetic anisotropy by affecting local hybridization at the interface of a ferromagnet with nonmagnetic metals,” Phys. Rev. Materials, ACCEPTED (2020). (view pdf)

100. F. Büttner, B. Pfau, M. Bottcher, M. Schneider, G. Murcurio, C. M. Gunther, P. Hessing, C. Klose, A. Wittmann, K. Gerlinger, L.-M. Kern, C. Struber, C. von K.-S. J. Fuchs, D. Engel, A. Churikova, S. Huang, D. Suzuki, I. Lemesh, M. Huang, L. Caretta, D. Weder, J. H. Gaida, M. Moller, T. R. Harvey, S. Zayko, K. Bagschik, R. Carley, L. Mercadier, J. Schlappa, A. Yaroslavtsev, L. L. Guyarder, N. Gerasimova, A. Schertz, C. Deiter, R. Gort, D. Hickin, J. Zhu, M. Turcato, D. Lomidze, F. Erdinger, A. Castoldi, S. Maffessanti, M. Porro, A. Samartsev, J. Sinova, C. Ropers, J. H. Mentink, B. Dupe, G. S. D. Beach, and S. Eisebitt, “Observation of fluctuation-mediated picosecond nucleation of a topological phase,” Nat. Mater., advance online publication (2020). (view pdf)

99. K.-Y. Lee, A. J. Tan, M. Huang, D. Choi, J. H. Park, H.-I. Ji, J.-W. Son, J. Chang, G. S. D. Beach and S. Woo, “Fast magneto-ionic switching of interface anisotropy using yttria-stabilized zirconia gate oxide,” Nano Letters vol. 20, pp. 3435-3441 (2020). (view pdf)

98. L. Caretta, E. Rosenberg, F. Büttner, T. Fakhrul, P. Gargiani, M. Valvidares, Z. Chen, P. Reddy, D. A. Muller, C. A. Ross, and G. S. D. Beach, “Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction arising from rare-earth orbital magnetism in insulating magnetic oxides,” Nat. Commun., vol. 11, p. 1090 (2020). (view pdf)

97. F. Büttner, M. A. Mawass, J. Bauer, E. Rosenberg, L. Caretta, C. O. Avci, J. Gräfe, S. Finizio, C. A. F. Vaz, N. Novakovic, M. Weigand, K. Litzius, J. Förster, N. Träger, F. Groß, D. Suzuki, M. Huang, J. Bartell, F. Kronast, J. Raabe, G. Schütz, C. A. Ross, and G. S. D. Beach, “Thermal nucleation and high-resolution imaging of submicrometer magnetic bubbles in thin thulium iron garnet films with perpendicular anisotropy,” Phys. Rev. Materials, vol. 4, 011401(R) (2020). (view pdf)

96. C. O. Avci, E. Rosenberg, M. Huang, J. Bauer, C. A. Ross, and G. S.  D. Beach, “Nonlocal Detection of Out-of-Plane Magnetization in a Magnetic Insulator by Thermal Spin Drag,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 124, p. 027701 (2020). (view pdf)

95. A. Churikova, D. Bono, B. Neltner, A. Wittmann, L. Scipioni, A. Shepard, T. Newhouse-Illige, J. Greer, and G. S. D. Beach, “Non-magnetic origin of spin Hall magnetoresistance-like signals in Pt films and epitaxial NiO/Pt bilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 116, p. 022410 (2020). (view pdf)

94. K. Litzius, J. Leliaert, P. Bassirian, D. Rodrigues, S. Kromin, I. Lemesh, J. Zazvorka, K. J. Lee, J. Mulkers, N. Kerber, D. Heinze, N. Keil, R. M. Reeve, M. Weigand, B. V. Waeyenberge, G. Schütz, K. Everschor-Sitte, G. S. D. Beach, and M. Kläui, “The role of temperature and drive current in skyrmion dynamics,” Nat. Electron., vol. 3, p. 30–36 (2020). (view pdf)

2019

93. C. O. Avci, G. S. D. Beach, and P. Gambardella, “Effects of transition metal spacers on spin-orbit torques, spin Hall magnetoresistance, and magnetic anisotropy of Pt/Co,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 100, p. 235454 (2019). (view pdf)

92. M. Huang, A. J. Tan, F. Büttner, H. Liu, Q. Ruan, W. Hu, C. Mazzoli, S. Wilkins, C. Duan, J. K. W. Yang, and G. S. D. Beach, “Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping,” Nat. Commun., 10, 5030 (2019). (view pdf)

91. I. Lemesh and G. S. D. Beach, “Walker Breakdown with a Twist : Dynamics of Multilayer Domain Walls and Skyrmions Driven by Spin-Orbit Torque,” Phys. Rev. Appl., vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1, (2019). [Editor’s Suggestion] (view pdf)

90. P. Agrawal, F. Büttner, I. Lemesh, S. Schlotter, and G. S. D. Beach, “Measurement of interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction from static domain imaging,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 1–9, (2019). (view pdf)

89. A. J. Tan, M. Huang, S. Sheffels, F. Büttner, S. Kim, A. H. Hunt, I. Waluyo, H. L. Tuller, and G. S. D. Beach, “Hydration of gadolinium oxide (GdOx) and its effect on voltage-induced Co oxidation in a Pt/Co/GdOx/Au heterostructure,” Phys. Rev. Mater., vol. 3, no. 6, p. 064408, (2019). (view pdf)

88. M. Ouk and G. S. D. Beach, “Perpendicularly Magnetized Thin-Film Antidot Arrays for Superparamagnetic Microbead Actuation” IEEE Trans., vol. 55, no. 9, p. 1-7 (2019). (view pdf)

87. C. O. Avci, E. Rosenberg, L. Caretta, F. Büttner, M. Mann, C. Marcus, D. Bono, C. A. Ross, and G. S. D. Beach, “Interface-driven chiral magnetism and current-driven domain walls in insulating magnetic garnets,” Nat. Nanotechnol., (2019). (view pdf)

86. J. Ryu, C. O. Avci, S. Karube, M. Kohda, G. S. D. Beach, and J. Nitta, “Crystal orientation dependence of spin-orbit torques in Co/Pt bilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 114, p. 142402 (2019). (view pdf)

2018

85. K. Ueda, A. J. Tan, and G. S. D. Beach, “Effect of annealing on magnetic properties in ferrimagnetic GdCo alloy films with bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” AIP Adv., vol. 8, no. 12, p. 125204, (2018). [Editor’s Pick] (view pdf)

84. A. J. Tan, M. Huang, C. O. Avci, F. Büttner, M. Mann, W. Hu, C. Mazzoli, S. Wilkins, H. L. Tuller, and G. S. D. Beach, “Magneto-ionic control of magnetism using a solid-state proton pump,”  Nat. Mater., (2018). (view pdf)

83. I. Lemesh, K. Litzius, M. Böttcher, P. Bassirian, N. Kerber, D. Heinze, J. Zázvorka, F. Büttner, L. Caretta, M. Mann, M. Weigand, S. Finizio, J. Raabe, M. Im, H. Stoll, G. Schütz, B. Dupé, M. Kläui, and G. S. D. Beach, “Current‐Induced Skyrmion Generation through Morphological Thermal Transitions in Chiral Ferromagnetic Heterostructures,”  Adv. Mater., vol. 1805461, pp. 1–7, (2018). (view pdf)

82. L. Caretta, M. Mann, F. Büttner, K. Ueda, B. Pfau, C. M. Günther, P. Hessing, A. Churikova, C. Klose, M. Schneider, D. Engel, C. Marcus, D. Bono, K. Bagschik, S. Eisebitt, and G. S. D. Beach, “Fast current-driven domain walls and small skyrmions in a compensated ferrimagnet,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3 (2018). (view pdf)

81. E. R. Rosenberg, L. Beran, C. O. Avci, C. Zeledon, B. Song, C. Gonzalez-Fuentes, J. Mendil, P. Gambardella, M. Veis, C. Garcia, G. S. D. Beach, and C. A. Ross, “Magnetism and spin transport in rare-earth-rich epitaxial terbium and europium iron garnet films,” Phys. Rev. Mater. 2, no. 9, p. 094405, (2018). (view pdf)

80. I. Lemesh and G. S. D. Beach, “Twisted domain walls and skyrmions in perpendicularly magnetized multilayers,”  Phys. Rev. B 98, 10, p. 104402, (2018). (view pdf)

79. S. Schlotter, P. Agrawal, and G. S. D. Beach, “Temperature dependence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Pt/Co/Cu thin film heterostructures,”  Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 9, p. 092402 (2018). (view pdf)

78. C. O. Avci, J. Mendil, G. S. D. Beach, and P. Gambardella, “Origins of the unidirectional spin Hall magnetoresistance in metallic bilayers,”  Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 8, p. 87207 (2018). (view pdf)

77. Y. Dovzhenko, F. Casola, S. Schlotter, T. X. Zhou, F. Büttner, R. L. Walsworth, G. S. D. Beach, and A. Yacoby, “Magnetostatic twists in room-temperature skyrmions explored by nitrogen-vacancy center spin texture reconstruction,” Nat. Commun. 9, 2712 (2018). (view pdf)

76. F. Büttner, I. Lemesh, and G. S. D. Beach, “Theory of isolated magnetic skyrmions: From fundamentals to room temperature applications,” Sci. Rep. 8, 1 (2018). (view pdf)

2017

75. M. Mann and G. S. D. Beach, “Reduction of in-plane field required for spin-orbit torque magnetization reversal by insertion of Au spacer in Pt/Au/Co/Ni/Co/Ta,”  APL Materials 5, 106104 (2017). (view pdf)

74. C. O. Avci, E. Rosenberg, M. Baumgartner, L. Beran, A. Quindeau, P. Gambardella, C. A. Ross, and G. S. D. Beach, “Fast switching and signature of efficient domain wall motion driven by spin-orbit torques in a perpendicular anisotropy magnetic insulator/Pt bilayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 072406(2017). (view pdf)

73. S. Woo and G. S. D. Beach, “Control of propagating spin-wave attenuation by the spin-Hall effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 093901(2017). (view pdf)

72. M. Ouk and G. S. D. Beach, “Superparamagnetic microbead transport induced by a magnetic field on large-area magnetic antidot arrays,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 444, 218 (2017). (view pdf)

71. E. Rapoport and G. S. D. Beach, “Architecture for Directed Transport of Superparamagnetic Microbeads in a Magnetic Domain Wall Routing Network,” Sci. Rep. 7, 10139 (2017). (view pdf).

70. F. Büttner, I. Lemesh, M. Schneider, B. Pfau, M. Christian, P. Hessing, J. Geilhufe, L. Caretta, D. Engel, B. Krüger, J. Viefhaus, S. Eisebitt, and G.S.D. Beach, “Field-free deterministic ultrafast creation of magnetic skyrmions by spin-orbit torques,” Nature Nanotechnology (2017). (view pdf)

69. K. Ueda, M. Mann, P. de Brouwer, D. Bono, and G. S. D. Beach, “Temperature dependence of spin-orbit torques across magnetic compensation in a ferrimagnetic TbCo alloy film,” Phys. Rev. B 96, 064410 (2017). (view pdf)

68. M. Huang, A. J. Tan, M. Mann, U. Bauer, R. Ouedraogo and G. S. D. Beach, “Three-terminal resistive switch based on metal/metal oxide redox reactions,” Sci. Rep.7, 7452 (2017). (view pdf)

67. S. Jaiswal, K. Litzius, I. Lemesh, F. Büttner, S. Finizio, J. Raabe, M. Weigand, K. Lee, J. Langer, B. Ocker, G.S.D. Beach, and M. Kläui, “Investigation of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and room temperature skyrmions in W/CoFeB/MgO thin films and microwires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 022409 (2017). (view pdf)

66. F. Hellman, A. Hoffmann, Y. Tserkovnyak, G.S.D. Beach, E.E. Fullerton, C. Leighton, A.H. MacDonald, D.C. Ralph, D.A. Arena, H.A. Dürr, P. Fischer, J. Grollier, J.P. Heremans, T. Jungwirth, A. V. Kimel, B. Koopmans, I.N. Krivorotov, S.J. May, A.K. Petford-Long, J.M. Rondinelli, N. Samarth, I.K. Schuller, A.N. Slavin, M.D. Stiles, O. Tchernyshyov, A. Thiaville, and B.L. Zink, “Interface-induced phenomena in magnetism,” Reviews of Modern Physics 89, 025006 (2017). (view pdf)

65. I. Lemesh, F. Büttner, and G.S.D. Beach, “Accurate model of the stripe domain phase of perpendicularly magnetized multilayers,” , Phys. Rev. B 95, 174423 (2017). (view pdf)

64. A. Quindeau, C.O. Avci, W. Liu, C. Sun, M. Mann, A.S. Tang, M.C. Onbasli, D. Bono, P.M. Voyles, Y. Xu, J. Robinson, G.S.D. Beach, and C.A. Ross, “Tm3Fe5O12/Pt Heterostructures with Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy for Spintronic Applications,”  Adv. Electron. Mater. 3, (2017). (view pdf)

63. C.O. Avci, M. Mann, A.J. Tan, P. Gambardella, and G.S.D. Beach, “A multi-state memory device based on the unidirectional spin Hall magnetoresistance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 203506 (2017). (view pdf)

62. C.O. Avci, A. Quindeau, M. Mann, C.-F. Pai, C.A. Ross, and G.S.D. Beach, “Spin transport in as-grown and annealed thulium iron garnet/platinum bilayers with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” Phys. Rev. B 95, 115428 (2017). (view pdf)

61. S. Woo, T. Delaney, and G.S.D. Beach, “Magnetic domain wall depinning assisted by spin wave bursts,” Nature Physics 13, 448 (2017). (view pdf)

60. K. Litzius, I. Lemesh, B. Krüger, P. Bassirian, L. Caretta, K. Richter, F. Büttner, K. Sato, O.A. Tretiakov, J. Förster, R.M. Reeve, M. Weigand, I. Bykova, H. Stoll, G. Schütz, G.S.D. Beach, and M. Kläui, “Skyrmion Hall effect revealed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy,” Nature Physics 13, 170 (2017). (view pdf)

59. C. O. Avci, A. Quindeau, C.-F. Pai, M. Mann, L. Caretta, A. S. Tang, M. C. Onbasli, C. A. Ross, and G. S. D. Beach, “Current-induced switching in a magnetic insulator,” Nature Materials 16, 309 (2017). (view pdf)

58. L. Baldrati, A. J. Tan, M. Mann, R. Bertacco, and G. S. D. Beach, “Magneto-ionic effect in CoFeB thin films with in-plane and perpendicular-to-plane magnetic anisotropy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 012404 (2017). (view pdf)

2016

57. K. Ueda, M. Mann, C.-F. Pai, A. J. Tan, and G. S. D. Beach, “Spin-orbit torques in Ta/TbxCo100-x ferrimagnetic alloy films with bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 232403 (2016). (view pdf)

56. K. Ueda, C.-F. Pai, A. J. Tan, M. Mann, and G. S. D. Beach, “Effect of rare earth metal on the spin-orbit torque in magnetic heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 232405 (2016). (view pdf)

55. C.-F. Pai, M. Mann, A. J. Tan, and G. S. D. Beach, “Determination of spin torque efficiencies in heterostructures with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” Phys. Rev. B. 93, 144409 (2016). (view pdf)

54. S. Woo, K. Litzius, B. Krüger, M.-Y. Im, L. Caretta, K. Richter, M. Mann, A. Krone, R. M. Reeve, M. Weigand, P. Agrawal, I. Lemesh, M.-A. Mawass, P. Fischer, M. Kläui, and G. S. D. Beach, “Observation of room-temperature magnetic skyrmions and their current-driven dynamics in ultrathin metallic ferromagnets,” Nature Materials 15, 501 (2016). (view pdf)

2015

53. P. Agrawal, U. Bauer, and G. S. D. Beach, “Spontaneous domain nucleation under in-plane fields in ultrathin films with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction,” J. Appl. Phys. 117, 17C744 (2015). (view pdf)

52. J. Yang, G. S. D. Beach, C. Knutson, J. L. Erskine, “Magnetic domain-wall velocity enhancement induced by a transverse magnetic field,” J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 397, 325-332 (2015). (view pdf)

51. U. Bauer, L. Yao, A. J. Tan, P. Agrawal, S. Emori, H. L. Tuller, S. van Dijken, and G. S. D. Beach, “Magneto-ionic control of interfacial magnetism,” Nature Materials 14, 174(2015). (view pdf)

50. S. Emori, C. K. Umachi, D. C. Bono, and G. S. D. Beach, “Generalized analysis of thermally activated domain-wall motion in Co/Pt multilayers,” J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 378, 98 (2015). (view pdf)

2014

49. S. Woo, M. Mann, A. J. Tan, L. Caretta, and G. S. D. Beach, “Enhanced spin-orbit torques in Pt/Co/Ta heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 212404 (2014). (view pdf)

48. S. Emori, U. Bauer, S. Woo, and G. S. D. Beach, “Large voltage-induced modification of spin-orbit torques in Pt/Co/GdOx,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 222401 (2014). (view pdf)

47. S. Emori, E. Martinez, Kyung-Jin Lee, Hyun-Woo Lee, U. Bauer, S.-M. Ahn, P. Agrawal, D. C. Bono, and G. S. D. Beach, “Spin Hall torque magnetometry of Dzyaloshinskii domain walls,” Phys. Rev. B. 90, 184427 (2014). [Editors’ Suggestion](view pdf)

46. E. Martinez, S. Emori, N. Perez, L. Torres and G. S. D. Beach, “Current-driven dynamics of Dzyaloshinskii domain walls in the presence of in-plane fields: Full micromagnetic and one-dimensional analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 115, 213909 (2014). (view pdf)

45. U. Bauer, M. Przybylski and G. S. D. Beach, “Voltage control of magnetic anisotropy in Fe films with quantum well states,” Phys. Rev. B. 89, 174402 (2014). (view pdf)

44. N. Perez, E. Martinez, L. Torres, S.-H. Woo, S. Emori, and G. S. D. Beach, “Chiral magnetization textures stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction during spin-orbit torque switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 092403 (2014). (view pdf)

43. J. A. Currivan, S. Siddiqui, S.-M. Ahn, L. Tryputen, G. S. D. Beach, M. A. Baldo, and C. A. Ross, “Polymethyl methacrylate/hydrogen silsesquioxane bilayer resist electron beam lithography process for etching 25nm wide magnetic wires,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 32, 021601 (2014). (view pdf)

2013

42. Q. Wang, Z. Zhong, L. Jin, X. Tang, F. Bai, H. Zhang, and G. S. D. Beach, “Design of nanostrip magnonic crystal waveguides with a single magnonic band gap,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 340, 23 (2013). (view pdf)

41. E. Martinez, S. Emori, and G. S. D. Beach, “Current-driven domain wall motion along high perpendicular anisotropy multilayers: The role of the Rashba field, the spin Hall effect, and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 072406 (2013). (view pdf)

40. S. Emori, U. Bauer, S.-M. Ahn, E. Martinez, and G. S. D. Beach, “Current-driven dynamics of chiral ferromagnetic domain walls,” Nature Materials. 12, 611–616 (2013). 10.1038/nmat3675. (view pdf)

39. U. Bauer, S. Emori, and G. S. D. Beach, “Voltage-controlled domain wall traps in ferromagnetic nanowires,” Nature Nanotechnology. 8, 411-416 (2013). [cover story] (view pdf)

38. E. Rapoport and G. S. D. Beach, “Transport dynamics of superparamagnetic microbeads trapped by mobile magnetic domain walls,” Phys. Rev. B. 87, 174426 (2013). (view pdf)

37. S. Emori and G. S. D. Beach, “Assessment of Rashba field effects in ultrathin Pt/Co/GdOx submicrometer strips,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 49, 3113 (2013). (view pdf)

36. S-M. Ahn and G. S. D. Beach, “Crossover between in-plane and perpendicular anisotropy in Ta/CoxFe100-x/MgO films as a function of Co composition,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17C112 (2013). (view pdf)

2012

35. E. Rapoport, D. Montana, and G. S. D. Beach, “Integrated Capture, Transport, and Magneto-Mechanical Resonant Sensing of Superparamagnetic Microbeads Using Magnetic Domain Walls,” Lab Chip. 12, 4433-4440 (2012). (view pdf)

34. U. Bauer, S. Emori, and G. S. D. Beach, “Voltage-gated Modulation of Domain Wall Creep Dynamics in an Ultrathin Metallic Ferromagnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 172403 (2012). (view pdf)

33. S. Emori, D. C. Bono, and G. S. D. Beach, “Interfacial current-induced torques in Pt/Co/GdOx,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 042405 (2012). (view pdf)

32. U. Bauer, S. Emori, and G. S. D. Beach, “Electric field control of domain wall propagation in Pt/Co/GdOx films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 192408 (2012). (view pdf)

31. Y. Jang, M. D. Mascaro, G. S. D. Beach, C. A. Ross, “Current-driven domain wall motion in heterostructured ferromagnetic nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 112401 (2012). (view pdf)

30. E. Rapoport and G. S. D. Beach, “Dynamics of Superparamagnetic Microbead Transport Along Magnetic Nanotracks by Magnetic Domain Walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 082401 (2012). [cover story] (view pdf)

29. E. Rapoport and G. S. D. Beach, “Magneto-mechanical Resonance of a Single Superparamagnetic Microbead Trapped by a Magnetic Domain Wall,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 07B310 (2012) . (view pdf)

28. S. Emori, D. C. Bono, and G. S. D. Beach, “Time-resolved measurements of field-driven domain wall motion in a submicron strip with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 07D304 (2012). (view pdf)

27. U. Bauer, M. Przybylski, J. Kirschner, and G. S. D. Beach, “Magnetoelectric Charge Trap Memory,” Nano Lett. 12, 1437 (2012). (view pdf)

26. S. Emori and G. S. D. Beach, “Roles of magnetic field and electric current in thermally activated domain wall motion in a submicrometer magnetic strip with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” J. Phys.-Condens. Mat. 24, 024214 (2012). [part of “Domain wall dynamics in nanostructures” special issue] (view pdf)

2011

25. S. Emori and G. S. D. Beach, “Optimization of out-of-plane magnetized Co/Pt multilayers with resistive bu ffer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033919 (2011). (view pdf)

24. S. Emori and G. S. D. Beach, “Enhanced current-induced domain wall motion by tuning perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 132508 (2011). (view pdf)